Friday, 18 July 2014

Who is a Hacker ?

Generally many people has a misconception  about the hacker, Hacker is a term used by Many to mean "someone who tries to break into computer systems or hack your facebook and bank account.“
                             This is not true Actually a hacker is A technology geek, who spends too much time with his computer and submerge with with the world of cyber. A hacker wants to invent new things in the world of computer and Technology. he think that not possible in the real manner or according to old theories.
Actually according to Wikipedia Hacker is A term that first started being used in the 1960s and was used to describe Someone who hacked out computer code, later the term evolved to an individual
 who had an advanced understanding of computers, networking, programming, or hardware,
 but did not have any malicious intents.

                         In other words we can say media and most people think of hackers as malicious or evil, the majority of hackers are people who are curious about how computer,
networks, or programs work and are often exploring and learning.

what are the types of hackers ?
              Most commonly people know about 4 types of hackers According to their  work
1.White Hat Hackers
2.Black Hat Hackers
3.Gray Hat Hackers
4.Suicide Hackers


1. White Hat Hackers

                       
  White hat describes a hacker who identifies a security weakness in a computer system or network but, instead of taking malicious advantage of it, exposes the weakness in a way that will allow the system's owners to fix the breach before it can be taken advantage
        by others (such as black hat hackers.) Methods of telling the owners about it range from
        a simple phone call through sending an e-mail note to a Webmaster or administrator all
        the way to leaving an message that security has been breached.




2. Black Hat Hackers
      
                               
 Black hat is used to describe a hacker (or, if you prefer, cracker) who breaks into a computer system or network with malicious intent. Unlike a white hat hacker, the black hat hacker takes advantage of the break-in, perhaps destroying files or stealing data for some future purpose.
                                The black hat hacker may also make the exploit known to other hackers and/or the public without notifying the victim. This gives others the opportunity to exploit the vulnerability before the organization is able to secure it.



3. Gray Hat Hackers

                               
  A grey hat hacker is someone who is in between these two concepts. He may use his skills for legal or illegal acts, but not for personal gains. Grey hackers use their skills in order to prove themselves that they can accomplish a determined feat, but never do it in order to make money out of it. The moment they cross that boundary, they become black hackers.
                                 For example, they may hack the computer network of a public agency, let us say, DRDO. That is a federal crime.
                        If the authorities capture them, they will feel the long arm of justice. However, if they only get inside, and post, let me say, their handle, and get out without causing any kind of damage, then they can be considered grey hackers.

4. Suicide Hackers

                                  
Suicide Hackers are individuals is who aim to bring down critical infrastructure
        for a “couse” and are not worried about facing 30 years in jail for their actions.
        Suicide hackers  are closely related to suicide bombers, who sacrifice their life for the
       Attack and are not concerned with the consequences of their action. There has been
       A rise in cyber terrorism in recent years.

According to their behavior there are lots of categories in that we can divide hackerssome types are here : 


Script kiddies
                               These are the wannabe hackers. They are looked down
upon in the hacker community because they are the people that make
hackers look bad. Script kiddies usually have no hacking skills
hackers without any knowledge of what’s happening behind the scenes.   

Intermediate hackers -
                              These people usually know about computers, networks, and have enough
 knowledge To understand relatively what a hack might do, but same as script kiddies
 they use pre developed well-known exploits

Elite Hackers
                              These are the skilled hackers. They are the ones that write
the many hacker tools and exploits out there. They can break into systems
and hide their tracks or make it look like someone else did it. You should
strive to eventually reach this level.